Cattle

Cattle are raised in every state of the U.S., including Indiana, which is home to more than 800,000 cows and cattle. The average sized cattle herd on a U.S. farm is 40 head. More than 50 percent of cattle grown in the U.S. come from the top five cattle producing states: Texas, Nebraska, Kansas, California and Oklahoma.

Beef is meat from full-grown cattle. It takes about 2 years for cattle to be full-grown. Cuts of beef include steaks, roasts, brisket, hamburger and others. A live steer weighs about 1,000 pounds and yields about 450 pounds of edible meat. There are at least 50 breeds of beef cattle, but fewer than 10 make up most cattle produced. Beef is an important part of our diet. It is a good source of zinc, iron and protein; these nutrients help keep our body healthy and growing.

We get more than meat from beef cattle. Hundreds of different byproducts come from the animals. Byproducts are non-food items like paint, candles, crayons, leather, glue, insulin for diabetics, and so on. Basically, anything that has one or more ingredient from an animal or crop is a byproduct. Because of byproducts, we are able to use 99 percent of every steer.

Source: www.agintheclassroom.org/TeacherResources/TerraNova/bw_beefnews.pdf

  • Animal Care Facts:

    Livestock farmers work hard each day to make sure that the animals in their herds are well taken care of. The animal’s health is the top priority to beef cattle farmers. Healthy, nutritious diets, safe living conditions and good medical care are essential. Beef cattle are raised on farms or ranches. Cattle raised on ranches graze on the range, and cattle raised on farms graze on pasture. Western U.S. ranches can be very large and consist of a few thousand to tens of thousands of acres. Farmers & ranchers in western states like Texas, Nebraska, Kansas, California and Oklahoma generally raise their herds on ranches, because the soils in those states are not able to grow row crops and make a profit for their farm. In Indiana, cattle are raised on farms that may be a few hundred to a few thousand acres in size. Because Indiana soils are well-suited to raise row crops like corn, soybeans and wheat, Indiana farmers can be more profitable doing so.

    Cattle may graze on open pasture but can also be fed hay, silage, grain and even food processing byproducts, such as cottonseed meal, citrus pulp, tomato pulp, potato peels, sugar beet pulp, almond hulls, cereal byproducts, soy hulls or canola seed hulls.

  • Questions & Answers:

    Q: Why do you sell steers?

    A: Steers are bulls that have been castrated. Their purpose is to produce meat, not breed.

    Q: Can you get milk from beef cattle?

    A: You can milk any cow (beef or dairy) but the yield will be lower on beef cattle. If the calf is with the mother, it will consume most, if not all, of the milk.

    Source: Beef.org

Common Breeds

Angus

Angus cattle (Aberdeen Angus) are a breed of cattle commonly used in beef production.

Hereford

Hereford cattle is a beef cattle breed, widely used both in intemperate areas and temperate areas, mainly for meat production.

Charolais

Charolais cattle are a beef breed of cattle (Bos taurus) which originated in Charolais, around Charolles, in France.

Limousin

Limousin cattle are a breed of highly muscled beef cattle originating from the Limousin and Marche regions of France.

Shorthorn

Shorthorn cattle are coloured red, white or roan, although roan cattle are preferred by some, and completely white animals are not common.

For more photos and info on the various breeds of cattle: http://cattle-today.com/ or http://www.ansi.okstate.edu/breeds/cattle/